4 Then YHWH said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from the sky for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not. 5 It shall come to pass on the sixth day, that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.” Exodus 16:4-5WEB
This passage contains a positive command, directed toward Moses; it is a summary of God's plan, and of the commands which were to follow for the rest of the week (this chapter): "Israel shall eat bread which I will send for 6 days, and on the 6th day they shall gather twice as much and bring it in.".
This command is part of the Principles and Definitions. It relates to a series of commands which are limited in scope to the time which Israel would spend in that situation; One-time Commands, and it is Typological/Ceremonial in nature.
These laws contribute to an understanding of Food because God is providing them with food, Sabbath because they are to gather twice as much in preparation for the sabbath, and Corporate Judgment because God says in this passage that he intends this to test Israel's obedience to him.
The immediate command was fulfilled by Israel in the wilderness, although many were disobedient (see verses 20 and 27). It finds its greater fulfillment in Jesus, who says about himself, "I am the bread that came down from heaven" (John 6:22-59).
Notes on Interpretation/Application