Exodus 12:21-23

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Exodus 12

Law Analysis overview

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, “Draw out, and take lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. 22 You shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two door posts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For YHWH will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two door posts, YHWH will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you. Exodus 12:21-23WEB


The Command[/Principle]

This passage contains a positive command, directed toward Israel, with immediate application: Kill the Passover.


This command is part of the Typological/Ceremonial Law. It is a One-time Command. Itfits in with the Sacrificial Regulations and Law Function: Jew/Gentile Cultural Separation.

This is the first instance of the Passover, which is one of the Holidays, it includes a Feast, and it contributes to our understanding of Sacrifice.


The immediate command was fulfilled by Israel as issued. Tis holiday was fulfilled by Jesus, who is our Passover Lamb (1 Corinthians 5:7). His blood, spread on the doorposts of our hearts once for all, affords us permanent protection from death.

Notes on Interpretation/Application

Interpretation 1

Interpretation 2